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阅读RC-9961 (第1/4题)

Ethnohistoric documents from sixteenth-century Mexico suggesting that weaving and cooking were the most common productive activities for Aztec women may lead modern historians to underestimate the value of women's contributions to Aztec society. Since weaving and cooking occurred mostly (but not entirely) in a domestic setting, modern historians are likely to apply to the Aztec culture the modern Western distinction between "private" and "public" production. Thus, the ethnohistoric record conspires with Western culture to foster the view that women's production was not central to the demographic, economic, and political structures in sixteenth-century Mexico.

A closer examination of Aztec culture indicates that treating Aztec women's production in Mexico in such a manner would be a mistake. Even if the products of women's labor did not circulate beyond the household, such products were essential to population growth. Researchers document a tenfold increase in the population of the valley of Mexico during the previous four centuries, an increase that was crucial to the developing Aztec political economy. Population growth--which could not have occurred in the absence of successful household economy, in which women's work was essential--made possible the large-scale development of labor-intensive chinampa (ridged-field) agriculture in the southern valley of Mexico which, in turn, supported urbanization and political centralization in the Aztec capital.

But the products of women's labor did in fact circulate beyond the household. Aztec women wove cloth, and cloth circulated through the market system, the tribute system, and the redistributive economy of the palaces. Cotton mantles served as a unit of currency in the regional market system. Quantities of woven mantles, loincloths, blouses, and skirts were paid as tribute to local lords and to imperial tax stewards and were distributed to ritual and administrative personnel, craft specialists, warriors, and other faithful servants of the state. In addition, woven articles of clothing served as markers of social status and clothing fulfilled a symbolic function in political negotiation. The cloth that was the product of women's work thus was crucial as a primary means of organizing the flow of goods and services that sustained the Aztec state.

Which of the following best describes the function of the third paragraph of the passage?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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网友解析
当前版本由 嗨起来! 更新于2015-11-03 14:04:18感谢由 嗨起来! 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

定位在文章的第三段,从第三段的第一句话就可以看出,这段在加强前面的论点,第二段说的是“就算是只在家庭范围”,第三段开头就点明,“何况不仅限于家庭范围”

(A)它试图调和前面段落的争论之处。通篇文章都没有争论之处,只是作者对于现代历史学家的误解提出质疑并解释。
(B)它提出了试图削弱第二段提出的论点的证据。第三段其实恰恰是对第二段开头句这个论点的一个加强,没有提出削弱的证据。
(C)Correct. 它提出了支持第二段第一句的例子。
(D)它描述了第一段提出的档案的内容。第一段的档案只在第一段作为引入提出过一次,此后作者都没有对该档案继续做出评价。
(E)它提出在第一段标明的区别是有根据的。其实作者通篇想说的是西方的“distinction”是不应该用在阿兹特克女性身上的。所以第三段也就不可能是这个选项说的作用。


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  • 用户头像
    用户见过夏天去非洲拍动物世界发表于2017-01-11 16:49:35
    看清楚选项好不好,我要哭了···错的全是这种想对了,没看清楚的题目我要死了呜呜呜呜,一定要看清楚选项啊宝贝,马上要考试了呜呜呜
    3楼   回复
  • 用户头像
    用户OoO发表于2016-11-05 17:46:01
    定位在文章的第三段,从第三段的第一句话就可以看出,这段在加强前面的论点,第二段说的是“就算是只在家庭范围”,第三段开头就点明,“何况不仅限于家庭范围”
    2楼   回复
  • 用户头像
    用户***740发表于2016-04-14 21:40:37
    我天,我看到了even if后面的就以为even if后面的是论点,还是太年轻啊。显然第二段第一句是论点,后面的是论证第一句的。而显然第三段也是加强第二段
    1楼   回复
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