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阅读RC-9959 (第1/4题)

Ethnohistoric documents from sixteenth-century Mexico suggesting that weaving and cooking were the most common productive activities for Aztec women may lead modern historians to underestimate the value of women's contributions to Aztec society. Since weaving and cooking occurred mostly (but not entirely) in a domestic setting, modern historians are likely to apply to the Aztec culture the modern Western distinction between "private" and "public" production. Thus, the ethnohistoric record conspires with Western culture to foster the view that women's production was not central to the demographic, economic, and political structures in sixteenth-century Mexico.

A closer examination of Aztec culture indicates that treating Aztec women's production in Mexico in such a manner would be a mistake. Even if the products of women's labor did not circulate beyond the household, such products were essential to population growth. Researchers document a tenfold increase in the population of the valley of Mexico during the previous four centuries, an increase that was crucial to the developing Aztec political economy. Population growth--which could not have occurred in the absence of successful household economy, in which women's work was essential--made possible the large-scale development of labor-intensive chinampa (ridged-field) agriculture in the southern valley of Mexico which, in turn, supported urbanization and political centralization in the Aztec capital.

But the products of women's labor did in fact circulate beyond the household. Aztec women wove cloth, and cloth circulated through the market system, the tribute system, and the redistributive economy of the palaces. Cotton mantles served as a unit of currency in the regional market system. Quantities of woven mantles, loincloths, blouses, and skirts were paid as tribute to local lords and to imperial tax stewards and were distributed to ritual and administrative personnel, craft specialists, warriors, and other faithful servants of the state. In addition, woven articles of clothing served as markers of social status and clothing fulfilled a symbolic function in political negotiation. The cloth that was the product of women's work thus was crucial as a primary means of organizing the flow of goods and services that sustained the Aztec state.

According to the passage, Aztec women's cloth production enabled Aztec society to do which of the following?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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网友解析
当前版本由 lgw18971372255 更新于2015-11-03 14:04:48感谢由 lgw18971372255 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

这道题目的定位比较容易,根据关键词“cloth”很容易定位到最后一段最后部分。基本找准定位部分了这道题就能做出正确选项了。

(A)在农业方面扩大女性的作用。文章中提到了女性农业方面的东西,不过作者说的是因为女性对家庭的贡献,会让人口上升,继而让某些农业发展。这和“cloth”无关。
(B)Correct. 组织商品和服务的流动。定位在“The cloth that was the product of women's work thus was crucial as a primary means of organizing the flow of goods and services that sustained the Aztec state.” 这个选项是原句的重复。
(C)发展独立社会。文中没有提到发展独立社会的问题。
(D)雇佣他们社会外的农民。这个选项的内容和“cloth”无关,而且文中也没有提到雇佣其他农民的信息。
(E)建立一个比邻近社会文明更高层的生活水平。文中没有提及是否有更高层的生活水平问题。


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  • 用户头像
    用户lgw1482911452发表于2017-01-11 16:54:18
    读文章的时候注意集中注意力!既然通读就要形成印象!!
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