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该题平均耗时:2m34s,平均正确率:50.9% 添加做题笔记

In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in theindustry was intolerable to management. Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use of technology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry. In automating, the industry moved to computer-based, digitalized “numerical control" (N/C) technology, ratherthan to artisan generated “record-playback" (R/P) technology.

Although both systems reduced reliance on skilled labor, Noble clearly prefers R/P, with its inherent acknowledgment of workers’ skills: unlike N/C, its programs were produced not byengineers at their computers, but by skilled machinists, who recorded their own movements to “teach" machines to duplicate those movements. However, Noble's only evidence of conspiracy is that, although the two approaches were roughly equal in technical merit, management chose N/C. From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not becauseefficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it. but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.

According to information in the passage, the term "de-skilling" refers to the

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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网友解析

当前版本由 七剑飘一飘 更新于2015-10-09 14:25:43感谢由 七剑飘一飘 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
逻辑简图:
第一段:DN的观点:管理与劳动力有冲突--指出DN的问题
第二段:DN支持R/P--指出DN只有唯一的证据,且说明他对managers会选择N/C的解释

1.According to information in the passage, the term refers to the
A. loss of skills that are lost to industry when skilled workers are replaced by unskilled laborers(未提及)
B. substitution of mechanized processes for labor formerly performed by skilled workers
C. labor theory that automation is technologically comparable to skilled labor(未提及)
D. process by which skilled machinists “teach" machines to perform certain tasks(是R/P,不符)
E. exclusion of skilled workers from participation in the development of automated
Technology(未提及)
细节题:题干里的term指的是“de-skilling”定位到第一段第二层,同义改写。


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题目讨论 (如果对题目有任何的疑惑,欢迎在这里提出来,大家会帮你解答的哦~)
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    730以上

    选项B,定位原文:the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use of technology to replace skilled labor—to the automation of the machine-tool industry. 
    雷哥网的打字员真的很差劲,而且也没有文字校对!
    8楼  | 2018-05-26 12:07:28 回复
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    Better vivi

    题目不全啊,应该报错给老师,怎么就开始解答了。。醉了
    7楼  | 2018-01-25 15:12:52 回复
  • 用户头像

    Katrina

    题干里的term指的是“de-skilling”
    6楼  | 2017-11-09 11:39:37 回复
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    LOL666

    题目有问题。。。
    5楼  | 2017-08-25 13:58:41 回复
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    艾垣汐爱吃萝卜

    做的时候一脸懵逼,题目不全啊
    4楼  | 2017-08-13 14:18:15 回复
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    烦烦的小虎牙

    用机械化的操作过程替代人工劳动力
    3楼  | 2017-05-11 12:01:22 回复
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    katie06

    这题目不全。。
    2楼  | 2016-09-28 18:34:00 回复
  • 用户头像

    claire666

    没有解释B选项啊?
    1楼  | 2016-08-11 15:44:31 回复
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