Two works published in 1984 demonstrate contrasting approaches to writing the history of United States women. Buel and Buel’s biography of Mary Fish (1736-1818) makes little effort to place her story in the context of recent historiography on women. Lebsock, meanwhile, attempts not only to write the history of women in one southern community, but also to redirect two decades of historiographical debate as to whether women gained or lost status on the nineteenth century as compared with the eighteenth century. Although both books offer the reader the opportunity to assess this controversy regarding women’s status, only Lebsock’s deals with it directly. She examines several different aspects of women’s status, helping to refine and resolve the issues. She concludes that while women gained autonomy in some areas, especially in the private sphere, they lost it in many aspects of the economic sphere. More importantly, she shows that the debate itself depends on frame of reference: in many respects, women lost power in relation to men, for example, as certain jobs (delivering babies, supervising schools) were taken over by men. Yet women also gained power in comparison with their previous status, owning a higher proportion of real estate, for example. In contrast, Buel and Buel’s biography provides ample raw material for questioning the myth, fostered by some historians, of a colonial golden age in the eighteenth century but does not give the reader much guidance in analyzing the controversy over women’s status.
The passage suggests that Lebsock believes that compared to nineteenth-century American women, eighteenth-century American women were
关键词 L， nineteenth-century American women, eighteenth-century American women，
19ce女人跟18ce相比 real esteate上升，private下降，economy下降，跟男人相比权力下降，less likely to work to supervise schools
锁定句子 Although both books ..., only Lebsock’s deals with it directly. She examines ... aspects of women’s status, ..to .... ... women gained autonomy ..., ....., they lost it in many aspects of the economic sphere. More importantly, ... debate... depends on frame of reference: .... Yet women also gained power in comparison with their previous status, owning a higher proportion of real estate, for example 定位重点，即不同之处的比较 women gained autonomy lost it in many aspects of the economic sphere. 我错选了B。B其实是现在和以前的比较，而不是18和19的比较。用时89s 一定要注意句子真正的考点。相信在考试的过程当中，题目大多数都有障眼法。就是文章中里面有很多混淆视听的句子，使在做选择的时候，成功的避开了正确答案。一定要在读清楚题目之后定位原文，然后对原文真正符合意思的选项选出来。