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该题平均耗时:3m8s,平均正确率:62.2% 添加做题笔记

All the cells in a particular plant start out with the same complement of genes. How then can these cells differentiate and form structures as different as roots, stems, leaves, and fruits? The answer is that only a small subset of the genes in a particular kind of cell are expressed, or turned on, at a given time. This is accomplished by a complex system of chemical messengers that in plants include hormones and other regulatory molecules. Five major hormones have been identified: auxin, abscisic acid, cytokinin, ethylene, and gibberellin. Studies of plants have now identified a new class of regulatory molecules called oligosaccharins.

Unlike the oligosaccharins, the five well-known plant hormones are pleiotropic rather than specific; that is, each has more than one effect on the growth and development of plants. The five have so many simultaneous effects that they are not very useful in artificially controlling the growth of crops. Auxin, for instance, stimulates the rate of cell elongation, causes shoots to grow up and roots to grow down, and inhibits the growth of lateral shoots. Auxin also causes the plant to develop a vascular system, to form lateral roots, and to produce ethylene.

The pleiotropy of the five well-studied plant hormones is somewhat analogous to that of certain hormones in animals. For example, hormones from the hypothalamus in the brain stimulate the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland to synthesize and release many different hormones, one of which stimulates the release of hormones from the adrenal cortex. These hormones have specific effects on target organs all over the body. One hormone stimulates the thyroid gland, for example, another the ovarian follicle cells, and so forth. In other words, there is a hierarchy of hormones.Such a hierarchy may also exist in plants. Oligosaccharins are fragments of the cell wall released by enzymes: different enzymes release different oligosaccharins. There are indications that pleiotropic plant hormones may actually function by activating the enzymes that release these other, more specific chemical messengers from the cell wall.

The passage suggests that, unlike the pleiotropic hormones, oligosaccharins could be used effectively to

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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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该题目由网友cYfghPY提供。更多GMAT题目请

网友解析

当前版本由 yan****iluo113 更新于2015-11-12 15:38:51感谢由 yan****iluo113 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
从第二段首句可知,它们间的区别是ol可以被用于人工控制作物的生长
A错误,与chemicals以及the walls of cells无关
B错误,与“突出其他植物激素所起的作用”无关
C正确
D错误,与“改变基因构成”无关
E错误,与“改变五种主要的激素对植物发展的影响”无关


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    nmbdy

    本题主要是定位 
    定位于第二段 unlike OL the 5
    问题以反的方式而问 那么OL就是单独effect 是specific
    只要符合此的 就是答案
    ABDE全部无关
    只有C提到了specific 且逻辑和语义和原文一致 所以为正确答案
    1楼  | 2017-11-04 11:02:10 回复
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