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Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today's global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

The primary purpose of the passage is to

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  • 分析B选项
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网友解析

当前版本由 yan****iluo113 更新于2015-10-27 16:18:27感谢由 yan****iluo113 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
主旨题,该文主旨是提出着重生态效益的一种后果
A错误,文中没有提及生态效益不那么成功的内容;
B错误,文中未提及另一种替代策略;
C正确,文中作者提出了单纯强调生态效益会带来适得其反的后果;
D错误,文中未谈及“更大的层面”;
E错误,文章作者主要谈及的是“生态效应”而并非“经济效应”;


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