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句子改错SC-8464 【难度:650-680】

The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain why scientists have assumed that it evolved independently of the vertebrate eye.

  • 分析A选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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当前版本由 lgw13541180269 更新于2015-06-24 16:12:08感谢由 lgw13541180269 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

A. 主语是intricate structure, 谓语动词是单数,help主谓不一致。
B. 句尾的代词they不能指代单数名词eye
C. 句尾的代词they不能指代单数名词eye
D. 主语是intricate structure, 谓语动词是单数,help主谓不一致。
E. 正确


当前版本由 01ZX 更新于2015-10-27 18:02:02感谢由 01ZX 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

主语是intricate structure, 谓语动词是单数,help主谓不一致,排除选项A,D。主语是单数,最后的that之后的应该用单数,they错。排除B,C。


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  • 用户头像
    用户CDLIYONG发表于2017-03-20 20:18:15
    B和e的差别:假如你确实不知道用having还是with,那么这个时候,你不看“having”引导的从句(因为是插入语,结构上可以忽略),那么句子的主语很明显是intricate structure,所以后面assumed that 肯定是接it而不是they,毕竟structure是单数主语。所以选d.
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    用户lgw1482911452发表于2016-12-30 17:03:17
    having在这里不对,因为应该是insect有XX,而不是structure有XXX,用having产生了错误的意思。 注意 逗号+ ving 的结构,优先修饰的是主语,而不是其最近的名词。无逗号+ving的形式才可以修饰其最近的名词。 scientists’ assuming that 表达不好。
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  • 用户头像
    用户lgw1482911452发表于2016-12-30 16:59:53
    This sentence addresses why scientists have decided that the vertebrate eye and the insect eye evolved independently of each other. The insect eye is much more intricate, with hundreds of miniature eyes. The sentence needs to be clear as to what has hundreds of miniature eyes. The structure or the insect eye? Furthermore, the singular subject intricate structure requires the singular verb helps. (A) This wording misleadingly suggests that the intricate structure has miniature eyes, while the correct subject of the predicate having is the compound insect eye. Subject-verb agreement is violated. (B) This wording misleads as in (A). Furthermore, the pronoun at the end of the underlined part of the sentence should refer back to the compound insect eye, so it cannot be plural. (C) The phrase helps explain scientists’ assuming correctly agrees with the subject structure. However, it is nonstandard and awkward; the use of assuming with the possessive is unwarranted. Finally, the pronoun at the end of the underlined part of the sentence should refer back to the compound insect eye, so it cannot be plural. (D) The subject structure and the verb help do not agree in number. As in (C), explain scientists’ assuming is verbose and awkward, and the use of the assuming with the possessive makes the construction unnecessarily complex. (E) Correct. The phrase with its hundreds correctly refers back to the compound insect eye. The verb helps correctly agrees with the subject structure. Finally, the pronoun it correctly refers to the singular noun the compound insect eye.
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  • 用户头像
    用户HZY发表于2015-09-21 21:46:50
    with 和 having 都可以对吗?
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