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Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980s that after the American Revolution (1775–1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government; virtue was to be instilled not only by churches and schools, but by families, where the mother’s role was crucial. Thus, according to Kerber, motherhood became pivotal to the fate of the republic, providing justification for an unprecedented attention to female education.

Introduction of the “republican motherhood” thesis dramatically changed historiography. Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view, Woody also claimed that practical education for females had many advocates before the Revolution. Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends. Historians’ reliance on Kerber’s “republican motherhood” thesis may have obscured the presence of these trends, making it difficult to determine to what extent the Revolution really changed women’s lives.

【OG19-P386-449题】According to the passage, within the field of educational history, Thomas Woody’s 1929 work was

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当前版本由 L_ring 更新于2018-09-12 14:51:46感谢由 L_ring 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

根据题干定位到Prior to Kerber's work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750.由文章可知,Kerber之前的作品很少提及女性和女孩,而Woody的不同点就在于他发现了教育机会对男孩和女孩都得到了提升,所以 Woody的研究重点在于女孩的教育机会得到提升。

A选项,没有突出Woody研究的重点,education 和girl都没提到,所以不正确。

B选项,Woody是在对比改革前后对女孩教育态度的转变,不能说只关注了改革前的一段时期。

C选项,文章未提及。

D,并没有说他的观点有争议。

E,atypical就约等于unusual,不同寻常在检验了女孩的教育,这也是Woody研究的重点所在。选 E



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    kshiyu

    定位 Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750.
    
    提到了女孩的教育,女孩的教育也是考察对象之一
    1楼  | 2018-07-15 11:08:34 回复
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