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该题平均耗时:3m41s,平均正确率:67.7% 添加做题笔记

Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980s that after the American Revolution (1775–1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government; virtue was to be instilled not only by churches and schools, but by families, where the mother’s role was crucial. Thus, according to Kerber, motherhood became pivotal to the fate of the republic, providing justification for an unprecedented attention to female education.

Introduction of the “republican motherhood” thesis dramatically changed historiography. Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view, Woody also claimed that practical education for females had many advocates before the Revolution. Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends. Historians’ reliance on Kerber’s “republican motherhood” thesis may have obscured the presence of these trends, making it difficult to determine to what extent the Revolution really changed women’s lives.

【OG19-P386-448题】According to the passage, Kerber maintained that which of the following led to an increase in educational opportunities for women in the United States after the American Revolution?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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网友解析

当前版本由 L_ring 更新于2018-09-12 14:50:01感谢由 L_ring 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

结构1:Linda,美国革命后,女性受教育的机会↑

①女性受教育→政治正确的孩子 

②好公民→共和政府的成立 

    美德←学校+家庭 

③母性是共和党命运的关键:女性要受教育 

结构2:共和党“母性”的引入极大改变了史学 

① Kerber之前的作品和T.W.的作品不同之处 

② W同样指出在革命之前就有女性教育 

③ 女性教育态度的转变 



第1题

根据题干定位到文中第一段,Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country's republican form of government。女性受教育是为了抚养政治正确的孩子,从而有助于共和政府的形式。D选项符合文意。

A选项,An unprecedented demand by women,文章未提及。B选项,calling for equality of opportunity between women and men,文章未提及。C选项,American educational system could be reformed,文章未提及。E选项,if they were to take an active role in the nation's schools and churches文章未提及。 



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    A 女性对教育的需求×
    B 男女平等的政治意识形态×
    C 美国教育系统的改变×
    D 女性需要被教育—新政府的成功
    E 在schools和churches扮演重要地位×
    1楼  | 2018-09-30 14:41:00 回复
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