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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.



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该题平均耗时:2m57s ,平均正确率:43.8%。 该题由网友zyxO9mZ提供。更多GMAT题目请

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当前版本由 百香果蜂蜜茶 更新于2015-12-01 11:45:21 感谢由 百香果蜂蜜茶 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

A recent review… indicates that…, CEO'S earn…, as compared to… 主语是review,谓语是indicates,后跟that引导的宾语从句说明indicate的内容,宾语从句的主语是 CEO's,谓语是earn,宾语是419 times the pay of blue-collar workers,后跟比较结构as compared to…,the ratio是42 times their pay的同位语。


(A) compared to的比较对象不对等,前者419 times the pay of blue-collar workers表达的是工资数, 而后者a ratio of是比率。

(B) a ratio that compares的compare不能用主动方式表达,应该是被比较sth be compared to…的省略形式(省略了主语和系动词,是惯用法);compare to的比较对象不对象等,前者419 times the pay of blue-collar workers表达的是工资数,而后者42 times是比率。

(C) 正确,as compared to比较结构,419 times the pay与42 times their pay比较,the ratio…是同位语。

(D) 缺少that引导宾语从句;indicates CEO's who…句子结构不完整,缺少谓语,who引导定语从句 修饰名词CEO's。

(E) 缺少that引导宾语从句;indicates CEO's earning…句子结构不完整,缺少谓语;compare to的 比较对象不对等,前者419 times the pay of blue-collar workers表达的是工资数,而后者42 times是 比率。





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  • 用户头像

    琪子酱日记

    a.	that CEOs now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times: Incorrect for the reason stated above.
    
    b.	that, on average, CEOs now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times: Incorrect. This choice suggests the ratio compares to 42 times, that is in 42 different times in 1990. This is illogical comparison.
    
    c.	that, on average, CEOs now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio: Correct. The parallelism is correctly maintained. “a ratio” correctly modifies “ “42 times their pay”.
    
    d.	CEOs who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio: Incorrect. Per this choice, recent reviews indicate “CEOs”. 
    
    e.	CEOs now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times: Incorrect. 
    1.	Repeats the same error as in choice A.
    2.	Repeats the same error as in choice D.
    5楼  | 2018-06-15 07:57:40 回复
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    默默

    compare to 前后的对象要对称
    4楼  | 2018-04-21 16:07:20 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      默默: 比较前后属性对称

      2018-05-16 02:01:00 回复

    •  
  • 用户头像

    奋斗的小汤圆

    这个题错三遍了救命
    3楼  | 2017-11-29 15:14:02 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      糖糖要加油: 哈哈一样一样。。。(掩面)

      2018-01-16 16:28:56 回复

    •  
  • 用户头像

    天天都在树下

    choice b is badly worded: 'compares to 42 times in 1980' seems to say that, on forty-two different occasions in 1980, the ceo:blue-collar ratio reached 419:1. this is not what we are trying to say. 
    
    more generally, when speaking about ratios as is done here, you cannot leave 'times' hanging like this. sometimes you can use pronouns - the height of the sears tower is more than four times that of the statue of liberty - but you can't use empty space. 
    
    choice c exhibits proper usage of 'times' followed by their pay. it also uses the ratio, a correct identification of exactly what is being described.
    2楼  | 2017-11-17 20:12:27 回复
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    xiaoyi

    well, i'm 99% sure that 
    "that compares to..."
    is wrong.
    
    i say this is unidiomatic; you want "(as) compared to/with".
    
    --
    
    it IS possible to use "compares" as a standalone verb, but i'm pretty sure you can't do so unless you attach an adjective, such as "favorably", to it:
    this performance compares favorably to last week's. --> i.e., it's better
    1楼  | 2016-12-21 21:22:03 回复
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