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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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Arboria is floundering in the global marketplace, incurring devastating losses in market position and profits. The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.

Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not.

Today, Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. The free traders argue that Arborian markets should be open, and the movement of goods and services across national borders unrestrained. The fair traders assert that access to Arborian markets should be restricted until Arborian businesses are granted equal access to foreign markets. They contend that free trade is impossible while other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.

Both are correct: fair trade requires equal access and equal access leads to free trade. But both sides base their positions on the same two outdated premises:

1. Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.

2. Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.

Both assumptions are wrong. The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.

【OG20-P417-501题】

The author implies that the main obstacle to a truly effective Arborian trade policy is the

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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-04-23 15:22:15 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

1. 细节题

A:占据不利位置是结果,而不是导致Arboria没有有效政策的原因。

B:until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arboria and foreign economic systems

C:作者认为现在并不是free trade和fair trade间的矛盾。

D:没提

E:没提



题目讨论 5条评论)

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    贾思敏

    一、题型:implies 推理题 (方法课上有提到设问方式为infer、suggest(if)、imply通常为推理题)
    
    考察的内容:事件的逻辑关系
    
    解题技巧:
    1、推理过于绝对的排除
    2、没有基于原文信息的推理(新信息、脑补的)排除
    3、关系的重点混淆的(偷换概率、偷换主语)排除
    4、不是基于原文信息的取反的排除(只能在原文的基础上加不,例如:A比B快,不能说B比A慢,只能推出来B比A不快,因为不快不等于慢,不快可以是慢也可以是保持原有的标准水平)
    
    二、回归到这道题:
    1、视角:author
    2、要推理的内容:the main obstacle to a truly effective Arborian trade policy - 真正影响A贸易政策的主要障碍是什么?也就是造成A贸易政策停滞发展的原因是什么?(要读懂题干!)
    
    三、快速回文定位(定位逻辑层次):obstacle,也可以是problem、issues
    首次提到是A的trade policy是A地位衰落的原因 那个层次:The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. 又是not...until...“直到...,才...”或者...until...句型,译为“....直到...”,就是A一直亏损,直到A的leader们意识到A和其他外国经济系统的differences,取反,就是之前,A的leader们都是没有意识到A和其他外国经济系统的differences的,所以A才一直亏损,亏损到一定程度了他们才有所感觉
    
    四、排除法
    A. weak position that Arboria currently holds: A地位的衰落只是背景,是引出A贸易政策的一个背景,或者说是A贸易政策不合时宜造成的影响,而不是造成A贸易政策停滞发展的原因,A选项有点因果倒置,错。
    
    B. 回文定位的关键句子 直接定位对应B选项的 inability of Arborian leaders to recognize...foreign economic systems are based on principles fundamentally different from their own对应leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems
    
    C. conflict between free-trade and fair-trade advocates这个是下一个层次的问题,层次不分;再者C选项是偏颇于free trade的,但作者认为A的贸易政策并没有偏颇于哪个trade,而是在free trade和fair trade中paralyze,与原文信息不符
    
    D. produce goods that are competitive in the world market 没有提到A产品在世界市场的竞争力问题
    
    E. 没有提到protectionism和Arboria's trade partners的关系问题(脑补信息,错)
    1 0 回复 2021-10-01 11:07:49
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    227016izuy

    E为什么错?
    0 0 回复 2021-03-12 00:14:58
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    emily666

    固步自封
    3 0 回复 2020-05-14 19:03:57
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    847716opn

    Areoria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss...那句话与B观点符合
    0 0 回复 2019-10-05 19:38:31
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    小火火火箭

    文章开头提到:The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. 
    说明是政策的制定者没能意识到经济政策的本质不同
    2 0 回复 2019-09-10 09:49:16
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