中间图

Or
icon
OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
阅读RC-17021 (第7/8题) Time Cost00:00
收藏
该题平均耗时:1m1s,平均正确率:64.3%

建议使用官方纸质指南,查看对照完整题目

Arboria is floundering in the global marketplace, incurring devastating losses in market position and profits. The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.

Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not.

Today, Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. The free traders argue that Arborian markets should be open, and the movement of goods and services across national borders unrestrained. The fair traders assert that access to Arborian markets should be restricted until Arborian businesses are granted equal access to foreign markets. They contend that free trade is impossible while other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.

Both are correct: fair trade requires equal access and equal access leads to free trade. But both sides base their positions on the same two outdated premises:

1. Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.

2. Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.

Both assumptions are wrong. The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.

【OG20-P417-500题】

The passage is primarily concerned with

  • 分析A选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析B选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
该题目由网友woXywQ8提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-04-23 15:21:55 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

1. 主旨题

A:Arboria的地位衰退是整体文章针对的一个现象,但作者的本意不仅仅是描述这个现象,更重要的是指出背后的原因和警示政策指定人采取相应的措施。

B:局部

C:作者指出Arboria现在存在的不足,目的是为了让其认识到不足并且采取相应措施。

D:没有提到

E:没有提到



题目讨论 9条评论)

用户头像
提交
  • 用户头像

    贾思敏

    题型:concerned with 主旨题(注意:局部、部分文章的内容和层次并不能代表整体主旨内容!)
    
    视角:作者
    
    A. A选项没有C全面吧,the erosion of Arboria's position in the world marketplace A在世界市场的地位衰退只是文中第一段指出的一个现象和背景,只是文中的一小部分,并不能代表整体,因为文章就是通过这个现象指出A衰落的原因:A使用的trade policy怎么样怎么样,过时了,这个才是重点。局部不能代表整体,错。
    
    B. 跟A选项一样的错误,也是文中的确有一个部分有提到the differences between “free” and “fair” traders,但并不能代表整体主旨内容。局部不能代表整体,错。
    
    C. advocating a reassessment of Arboria's trade policy 很容易是因为这个选项的advocate和reassessment而排除掉这个选项,所以真的要理解好这个选项的意思:advocate就是“主张”的意思,纯粹是一个表达观点的词语,相当于assert或者argue之类的,应该积累一下,把它归入中性词类的,这个选项的意思是主张重新评估A的trade policy,其实就是作者对A根据现在的经济发展情况和实施A的背景来对A的trade policy进行评价,评价的部分从两个both前面的背景和定义铺垫,再到这两个both的评价,都是在评价,所以不一定是evaluate、evaluation才是评价,assessment、assess、reassess、reassessment都是在表示“评价”的含义,这也要积累一下。
    
    D. 没有criticizing,因为作者有说Both are correct肯定的地方,criticize只是文中的一部分,而且这个criticize的内容,文中有提到,但是没有criticize。
    
    E. comparing the different economic circumstances、trade partners没有提及
    3 0 回复 2021-10-01 10:26:41
  • 用户头像

    如果有时间的话我也能做对

    先增加点奇怪的知识: illustrating sth. generally involves providing a specific example. But the passage gives no example to show how the Arborian trade position has declined relative to that of other countries. 
    再去增加点与advocating a reassessment相关的知识 The problem is not Arboria's products, but……
     Arboria faces the prospect of 
    Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy
    0 0 回复 2021-07-18 17:19:41
  • 用户头像

    Ms Eh

    选项A没有给出how Arboria是怎么由盛及衰的具体例子;
    选项C开头第二句 Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. 证明reconsideration of trade policy是很有必要的。
    文章通过四个方面来展示revaluation of trade policy:
    1. the loss of A dominance in global trade;
    2. the distinction between fair trade and free trade;
    3. the impact of GATT on the governance of global trade;
    4. the percentage of total trade conducted by countries other than A and W.
    特地提到这四个方面的选项不能选,因为不是主旨,只是单一某个方面。
    2 0 回复 2020-12-13 01:09:48
  • 用户头像

    429521stkd

    C:Correct. This is the theme of the passage which advocates the consideration of Arborian trade policy and the long-standing assumptions on which it has been based. This central concern prompts the discussion of other relevant, but subsidiary, topics.
    0 0 回复 2020-11-18 10:07:25
  • 用户头像

    Jennie在学习

    搬一下OG官方解析
    A: illustrating sth. generally involves providing a specific example. But the passage gives no example to show how the Arborian trade position has declined relative to that of other countries.
    B: The distinction between free trade and fair trade, as understood by the advocates of each of these, is explained in the broader context considering Arborian trade policy. But the passage emphasizes the common assumption relied on by both free traders and fair traders.
    C:Correct. This is the theme of the passage which advocates the consideration of Arborian trade policy and the long-standing assumptions on which it has been based. This central concern prompts the discussion of other relevant, but subsidiary, topics.
    D: The individual terms of GATT are not examined or criticized in any detail, but the relevance of GATT to current global trade is minimized.
    E: No such comparison is made even though the divergence of economic systems involved in world trade is emphasized with a view to demonstrating the difficulty in negotiating multilateral trade deals and the obsolescence of the multilateral approach.
    4 0 回复 2020-09-06 15:12:51
  • 用户头像

    571661zxzq

    定位 Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems.  - 只有重新评估发现不足才能减少loss
    0 0 回复 2020-07-31 03:51:02
  • 用户头像

    你这只猪

    A: 选项的解释为illustrating something generally involves providing a specific example. but the passage gives no example to show how the Arborian trade position has declined relative to that of other countries.
    0 0 回复 2020-06-30 13:43:31
  • 用户头像

    297841s

    为什么A选项不对呀
    0 0 回复 2019-12-20 21:57:51
  • 用户头像

    847716opn

    C 鼓励对A外贸政策的重新评估,作者指出了A的不足目的是为了让其认识到不足并且采取相应措施
    E 比较A贸易伙伴的不同的经济处境,文章没有提到贸易伙伴
    0 0 回复 2019-10-05 19:34:01
    • 评论用户头像

      847716opn回复847716opn

      因为看到不同的经济处境就选了,但是没有注意对象

      0 0 回复 2019-10-05 19:34:16

    • 评论用户头像

      你这只猪回复847716opn

      偶也是,选的太匆忙

      0 0 回复 2020-06-11 15:24:07

    • 手机注册
    • 邮箱注册
    登录>







    关闭图标

    标题图

    • 图标

      知识库学习

      GMAT语法、逻辑、阅读、数学各单项备考知识点学习及测验
    • 图标

      在线做题

      包含GMAT各单项必考知识点题目、OG/PREP/GWD/雷哥讲义题目、难度650/680/700/730题库题目练习及题目解析
    • 图标

      在线模考

      语文套题/数学套题/全套仿真模考,包含GWD/PERP/精选模考等上百套套题模考
    • 图标

      在线测评

      适合5种不同基础的GMAT学员,测评后可自动出具分数报告及复习计划指导
    • 图标

      资料下载

      GMAT必备备考资料下载、鸡精下载、课程课件等免费下载
    • 图标

      课程学习

      注册会员后,可在GMAT课程区,选择免费直播课程及公开课程进行在线学习
    ×
    请你选择你要查看的模考成绩单
    立即开通 暂不开通
    加载图片
    网络异常