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Arboria is floundering in the global marketplace, incurring devastating losses in market position and profits. The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.

Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not.

Today, Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. The free traders argue that Arborian markets should be open, and the movement of goods and services across national borders unrestrained. The fair traders assert that access to Arborian markets should be restricted until Arborian businesses are granted equal access to foreign markets. They contend that free trade is impossible while other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.

Both are correct: fair trade requires equal access and equal access leads to free trade. But both sides base their positions on the same two outdated premises:

1. Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.

2. Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.

Both assumptions are wrong. The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.

【OG20-P417-499题】

The author asserts which of the following about Arboria's trade policy?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-04-23 15:21:44 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

1. 推断题

A:没有提到“商品质量”和“贸易政策”的关系。

B:Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism,即现在的主要矛盾不是free trade VS protectionism

C:正确,第二段描述了1940s的政策如何让Arboria称霸,但段末提到“In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not”。即经济形式大变样,但Arboria的贸易政策没变。

D:与原文不符。最后一段提到了全球75%的国家采用的原则和Arboria不同,且原文也没有提到其他国家是否效仿了Arboria。

E:与原文不符。作者指出“Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy”。



题目讨论 5条评论)

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  • 用户头像

    贾思敏

    A:没有提到improve the quality of their goods
    
    B:Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.今天,关键的贸易问题不是自由贸易与保护主义,而是贸易减少与贸易扩大。因此,重要的是diminishing trade versus expanding trade,而不是free trade versus protectionism,与原文信息不符。
    
    D: 说A的贸易政策emulated被效仿,以至于most international commerce is modeled on Arboria's principles大多数国际贸易都以 A的原则为蓝本。不用回归原文,就站在作者的视角,根据态度倾向判断法,都可以知道这是错的,因为作者说的是A的贸易政策已经过时了,怎么可能被大家效仿;再回归原文定位:只有这句提到nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria 近 75% 的经济系统运作的原则与 Arboria 的原则不一致(at odd with those of A 与A的...不一致),都说不一致了,怎么可能被效仿,与原文信息不符。
     
    E:Arboria's trade policy has evolved gradually,作者是说In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not. A的政策没有change,那怎么可能evolved gradually呢,与原文信息不符。
    0 0 回复 2021-10-01 10:07:08
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    贾思敏

    题型:细节理解题
    
    视角:author(关于Arboria's trade policy的观点)
    
    定位:两个both和Today讲free trade和fair trade的那几个层次。重点:In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not. 直接定位选项C:developed during the 1940s and has changed little since that time.
    0 0 回复 2021-10-01 09:56:19
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    220294hi

    has changed little=没变化
    0 0 回复 2021-02-28 11:40:16
    • 评论用户头像

      220294hi回复220294hi

      这玩意写给自己看的点错了别在意

      0 0 回复 2021-02-28 11:40:57

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    你这只猪

    明明很简单不知道为什么两次都做错,甚是无语!
    0 0 回复 2020-06-30 11:16:57
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    847716opn

    C has changed little since that time=Arborian trade policy has not
    E 原文说的是Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy,而选项说的是调整自己以应对全球商业的变化
    0 0 回复 2019-10-05 19:30:30
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