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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
阅读RC-17018 (第5/8题) Time Cost00:00
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Arboria is floundering in the global marketplace, incurring devastating losses in market position and profits. The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.

Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not.

Today, Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. The free traders argue that Arborian markets should be open, and the movement of goods and services across national borders unrestrained. The fair traders assert that access to Arborian markets should be restricted until Arborian businesses are granted equal access to foreign markets. They contend that free trade is impossible while other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.

Both are correct: fair trade requires equal access and equal access leads to free trade. But both sides base their positions on the same two outdated premises:

1. Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.

2. Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.

Both assumptions are wrong. The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.

【OG20-P417-498题】

In presenting the argument in the passage, the author uses all of the following EXCEPT:

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-11-24 17:00:49 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
5.细节题
A:最后一段75%
B:对free trade和fair Trade的解释
C:描述了Arboria在1940s称霸全球经济的情况
D:描述了1940s的情况
E:没提到

题目讨论 7条评论)

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  • 用户头像

    快乐小多

    做题的时候根本没往下翻文章……没看到数据
    0 0 回复 2021-10-26 15:54:26
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    贾思敏

    题型:细节理解题 
    
    视角:author
    
    题干:作者没有用到以下的哪一项来表达自己的观点(这种细节理解题往往要注意EXCEPT)
    
    分析:这种细节理解题要涉及的部分比较多,考的是对作者视角的整体把握,要分清楚哪个层次是作者的视角和观点的?
    定位-两个both的段落都是作者的视角和观点
    
    A. 关于全球贸易的数据信息。这个有的,例如The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria.
    
    B. 关于world trade的各种概念定义。这个也有,第一个both那里就是定义法解释了free trade和fair trade。
    
    C.关于Arboria's economic system的概况。这个肯定有的,从Today, Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. 这里开始就在讲A的economic system瘫痪啊,后面也讲到A的trade policy(这个也是economic system的一部分)不适用于现代经济的发展啊等等,基本C选项是通篇都在讲。
    
    D. Arborian trade policy的背景。这个肯定有讲,第一段就在那里讲了,例如Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades...就在讲了以前怎么样怎么样,A的贸易政策在以前的背景下是ok的,但今时不同往日...
    
    E. an example of an economic system...differ from those of Arboria不同于A的一个具体例子,没有提到,通篇都在讲A的和评价A的政策,没有提到一个不同于A经济系统的具体的例子
    0 0 回复 2021-10-01 09:51:28
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    184021grbvl

    5.细节题 A:最后一段75% B:对free trade和fair Trade的解释 C:描述了Arboria在1940s称霸全球经济的情况 D:描述了1940s的情况 E:没提到
    0 0 回复 2021-08-17 15:49:34
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    jamsmo

    nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria.不算「D」选项的和Arboria不同的principles的例子吗。。。?
    0 0 回复 2020-11-11 00:16:32
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    506230whpp

    A选项在文中哪里呀?
    0 0 回复 2020-09-02 17:41:01
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      445970iqji回复506230whpp

      同问

      0 0 回复 2020-10-30 19:27:36

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      656853jwdf回复506230whpp

      最后一段中的7%不就是数据

      0 0 回复 2020-11-02 23:23:04

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    700+冲冲冲!!!

    definitions of terms concerning world trade 在哪?定位句是哪句?
    0 0 回复 2020-07-19 09:01:26
    • 评论用户头像

      钟迎Grace回复700+冲冲冲!!!

      GATT

      1 0 回复 2020-07-19 20:36:28

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    你这只猪

    definition of terms concerning world trade
    0 0 回复 2020-06-30 13:29:32
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