中间图

Or
icon
OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
阅读RC-17015 (第2/8题) Time Cost00:00
收藏
该题平均耗时:1m33s,平均正确率:66%

建议使用官方纸质指南,查看对照完整题目

Arboria is floundering in the global marketplace, incurring devastating losses in market position and profits. The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.

Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not.

Today, Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. The free traders argue that Arborian markets should be open, and the movement of goods and services across national borders unrestrained. The fair traders assert that access to Arborian markets should be restricted until Arborian businesses are granted equal access to foreign markets. They contend that free trade is impossible while other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.

Both are correct: fair trade requires equal access and equal access leads to free trade. But both sides base their positions on the same two outdated premises:

1. Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.

2. Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.

Both assumptions are wrong. The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.

【OG20-P416-495题】

It can be inferred that the author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements about multilateral trade negotiations?

  • 分析A选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析B选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
该题目由网友vAUCn6K提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-04-23 15:20:27 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

1. 推断题

A:不符合

B:不符合

C:没有提到时间

D:正确

E:真正的问题是Arboria现在采用的多变谈判原则不适用于世界市场,而不是多变谈判原则不适 用于Arboria的政策。



题目讨论 10条评论)

用户头像
提交
  • 用户头像

    贾思敏

    They are the most effective way to resolve trade problems.A选项这个跟Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.很像啊,但是是推断题,如果能直接从文中找到就不是推断题了
    1 0 回复 2021-09-30 23:53:44
    • 评论用户头像

      贾思敏回复贾思敏

      而且有限定条件的 是pressing trade issues

      0 0 回复 2021-09-30 23:54:13

    • 评论用户头像

      274177qov回复贾思敏

      不是,作者最后一段说了:Both assumptions are wrong. 说明multilateral negotiations不是最effective way

      0 0 回复 2021-10-23 17:43:33

  • 用户头像

    贾思敏

    一、确定题型:inferred 推理题
    
    二、确定视角:站在 author 作者 的视角出发(关于multilateral trade negotiations多边谈判方面的观点)
    
    三、快速定位作者的观点:在两个Both那两段就是作者的观点,而关于多边谈判的观点有:
    1、说到free trade和fair trade的前提条件的时候,有一个前提条件就是Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.多边谈判是解决紧迫贸易问题的最有效方式
    2、但我觉得前面提到的多边谈判是什么有效的方法这一点不是重点,因为,作者要去评价这两个trade说这两个trade是wrong的,这才是重点,因为这两个trade已经过时了,所以最后那个both的那一段所提到的有关多边谈判的观点才是重点:Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion. 就是对这句话的理解才是重点。
    
    四、分析关键句:Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.
    (1)a multilateral trade policy 多边贸易政策 consensus among so many diverse economic systems 要在这么多的经济体系中达到一致has become virtually impossible是不可能的事情了。就是说 多边贸易政策已经不适应现在的发展了,因为现在的发展是多种经济体系并存,根据这一点就直接可以定位D选项了:A的multilateral trade negotiations...is inadequate for today's global marketplace 今时唔同往日了
    (2)drag on拖延,正当A在多边谈判(这里很巧妙multilateral talks其实是multilateral trade negotiations的改写)拖延的时候,A已经失去了扩展它贸易业务的机会了。
    
    反思:这道题我选了E,我有毒,显然是在做的时候没有理解好最后两句话在说啥,E选项说的是多边谈判的原则和A现在的trade policy不相容,而是A现在采用的多边贸易政策和多边谈判的原则已经不适应现在的发展了,而不是多边贸易谈判的原则不适用于A的贸易政策,而是A已经用了你这个原则了但是是和现在的发展不相容,这个选项就是在偷换概念和偷换对象,套娃。
    1 0 回复 2021-09-30 23:50:00
  • 用户头像

    如果有时间的话我也能做对

    来理解原文这句话World trade is“ no longer ”(暗含了in the past的意味了)dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus “among so many diverse economic systems”(对应global marketplace) has become virtually impossible(否定词). And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.
    归纳出句意就是答案
    D
    ">Arborian reliance on multilateral trade negotiations, while appropriate in the past, is inadequate(否定词) for today's global marketplace.
    0 0 回复 2021-07-18 16:52:15
  • 用户头像

    Mariposa爱学习

    at odds with 与...不一致
    虽然没读懂这句,但是根据作者的态度,可以看出对Arborian的政策的反对态度,所以选D最合适
    0 0 回复 2020-11-14 14:26:29
    • 评论用户头像

      Mariposa爱学习回复Mariposa爱学习

      牢记题干要让我做什么,找作者态度最重要

      0 0 回复 2020-11-14 14:27:04

  • 用户头像

    173127itpo

    这个题目就是文章的核心没有掌握的话很容易掉进陷阱----文章一段(trade policy--有问题)问题出在xxx而不是xxx  第二段(背景介绍,这个policy什么时候建立的,并且已经过时了但是还没有改) 第三段 (感觉是在说为什么问题不是在xxx---因为他的假设就是错的) 所以这个题目,就是d和e选,e的意思是现在换了新政策,muliti不符合新政策,但是政策就没有改正过,d的意思是世界市场这个大环境变了,所以这个muliti不适合这个国家
    0 0 回复 2020-10-16 19:50:19
  • 用户头像

    506230whpp

    为啥选 D  不选 E 呀?
    0 0 回复 2020-09-02 18:09:41
    • 评论用户头像

      全智贤回复506230whpp

      我也选了e,但再仔细看一下,e说的是不符合current Arborian foreign trade policy. 可文章一直在讲他整个的policy哪哪不好,并不是说multilateral trade negotiations不符合现在的Arborian foreign trade policy。文章主要是讲Arborian的贸易观念不符合这个时代了,所以d说的那个适用于过去的multilateral trade negotiations已经不适用于现在,是对的

      0 0 回复 2020-10-11 11:07:37

  • 用户头像

    571661zxzq

    "The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. " 现在GATT只涵盖了百分之七的世界贸易,which is very insignificant,“now”着重于说现在GATT已经过时了,但是根据上文我们知道arobia 的trade policy从来没变过,arobia之前用GATT这个东西是uncontested-无人可竞争的,就说明之前gatt这个东西好,但是现在不行了,选d
    0 0 回复 2020-07-31 04:42:58
  • 用户头像

    Run123

    rephrasing:
    
    outdated=obsolete=incompatible with current policy
    0 0 回复 2020-05-19 10:38:42
  • 用户头像

    342108no

    the same two outdated premises:
    【说明是作者反对的内容,现在不适用“D:inadequate for today's global marketplace”】
    1. Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.
    2. Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.
    0 0 回复 2019-11-12 15:25:52
  • 用户头像

    847716opn

    D two outdated premises说明while appropriate in the past
    E 选项是incompatible with current Arborian foreign trade policy,原文说的是和市场环境不一致
    0 0 回复 2019-10-05 19:25:32
    • 手机注册
    • 邮箱注册
    登录>







    关闭图标

    标题图

    • 图标

      知识库学习

      GMAT语法、逻辑、阅读、数学各单项备考知识点学习及测验
    • 图标

      在线做题

      包含GMAT各单项必考知识点题目、OG/PREP/GWD/雷哥讲义题目、难度650/680/700/730题库题目练习及题目解析
    • 图标

      在线模考

      语文套题/数学套题/全套仿真模考,包含GWD/PERP/精选模考等上百套套题模考
    • 图标

      在线测评

      适合5种不同基础的GMAT学员,测评后可自动出具分数报告及复习计划指导
    • 图标

      资料下载

      GMAT必备备考资料下载、鸡精下载、课程课件等免费下载
    • 图标

      课程学习

      注册会员后,可在GMAT课程区,选择免费直播课程及公开课程进行在线学习
    ×
    请你选择你要查看的模考成绩单
    立即开通 暂不开通
    加载图片
    网络异常