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【OG20-P809-880题】

Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

  • 分析A选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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当前版本由 吃着香蕉开跑车 更新于2021-05-21 16:10:32 感谢由 吃着香蕉开跑车 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
选E
ABC选项:company和research比较对象不可比。
D选项:比较对象虽然是对等的,但是having been based on crashes在本选项中更像是一个伴随状语,用来修饰整个题目的主句。这显然是不符合逻辑的,该部分在逻辑上应修饰company。
E选项:正确。

题目讨论 10条评论)

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    441420ztyf

    GMATCLUB解释更合理
    Answer (E) makes clear that the research on sport utility vehicles was the auto company’s research. Answer (D), by contrast, introduces a comma and a construction (having been based on) that allows this modifier to refer to the noun before the comma (the auto company’s research) or the noun after the comma (the insurance company’s research). Eliminate choice (D) for an ambiguous sentence structure.
    2 0 回复 2020-07-28 02:14:57
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    dGee

    Unlike+n
    比较对象:其后的n与主句主语相比较,排除ABC,简洁性,选E
    0 0 回复 2019-09-01 20:12:41
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    LeonYu

    D. 1. XXXX, having... ,XXXX,容易造成修饰不清。 伴随状语可修饰主语。
    2. having been;having done 强调时态, 即以前怎样,现在怎样,如 Having finished his breakfast, Joy went to play tennis.
    0 0 回复 2019-07-08 22:50:17
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    EscapeFromFate

    这就是很简单的比较对象的问题,根据后面the research,推出前面也应该是company's research
    0 0 回复 2019-01-18 16:08:22
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    冲鸭冲鸭冲鸭

    注意未划线部分,后面对象是research,前面对象也要对应的选company's research,所以直接排除A,B,C(以company为对象)。D的表达不简洁,因此E优选
    0 0 回复 2019-01-03 16:37:14
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    mysophobia

    https://gmatclub.com/forum/unlike-the-automobile-company-whose-research-was-based-on-crashes-240773.html#p2030952
    【D】
    The modifier having verb-ed/ having been verb-ed has a very specific usage. It is used express the first action out of the two actions done in the past.
    
    This modifier modifies an action by presenting another action performed by a noun entity. The action denoted by the having modifier presents the action done prior to the modified action denoted by the verb associated with the noun. For example:
    
    
    Having finished his breakfast, Joy went to play tennis..
    
    
    In the above-mentioned sentence, the highlighted modifier modifies the following clause. The sentence means that Joy first finished his breakfast and then went to play tennis. 
    
    
    Now let's see how this modifier has been used in Choice D: company's research, having been based on
    
    Clearly, this modifier has not been used correctly in the sentence. The modifier having been based on modifies the preceding noun the automobile company's research. 
    
    Choice D seems to suggest that the first the research was based on something, and then something else was done with it. However, this after action is not mentioned in the sentence for the obvious reason that no such information is intended to be conveyed by the original sentence.
    1 0 回复 2018-12-31 12:11:06
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    啾啾咪

    unlike A,A v o考点
    A     unlike company,非限制定从,research v o  AA不同类
    同理BC
    D having been done wordy 不选
    E  正确
    0 0 回复 2018-10-14 19:43:38
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    蓝玫圣代

    B呢 也可以是两个公司相对应吧
    0 0 回复 2018-09-26 19:27:53
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    细胞周期

    提一个问题,曼哈顿上提到过like/unlike后面不能接介词短语,所以E选项中research on...算接介词短语了吗?
    0 0 回复 2018-09-26 11:23:28
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    AQQ..

    the research conducted by the insurance company...因为后面有这句话 所以比较对象是research不是company; 另外现在完成进行时表示动作的延续一直至今仍在发生,被用来形容research不合适
    0 0 回复 2018-08-23 14:59:56
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