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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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Because the framers of the United States Constitution (written in 1787) believed that protecting property rights relating to inventions would encourage the new nation’s economic growth, they gave Congress—the national legislature—a constitutional mandate to grant patents for inventions. The resulting patent system has served as a model for those in other nations. Recently, however, scholars have questioned whether the American system helped achieve the framers’ goals. These scholars have contended that from 1794 to roughly 1830, American inventors were unable to enforce property rights because judges were “antipatent” and routinely invalidated patents for arbitrary reasons. This argument is based partly on examination of court decisions in cases where patent holders (“patentees”)brought suit alleging infringement of their patent rights. In the 1820s, for instance, 75 percent of verdicts were decided against the patentee.The proportion of verdicts for the patentee began to increase in the 1830s, suggesting to these scholars that judicial attitudes toward patent rights began shifting then.

Not all patent disputes in the early nineteenth entury were litigated, however, and litigated cases were not drawn randomly from the population of disputes. Therefore the rate of verdicts in favor of patentees cannot be used by itself to gauge changes in judicial attitudes or enforceability of patent rights. If early judicial decisions were prejudiced against patentees, one might expect that subsequent courts—allegedly more supportive of patent rights—would reject the former legal precedents. But pre-1830 cases have been cited as frequently as later decisions, and they continue to be cited today,suggesting that the early decisions, many of which clearly declared that patent rights were a just recompense for inventive ingenuity,provided a lasting foundation for patent law.The proportion of judicial decisions in favor of patentees began to increase during the 1830s because of a change in the underlying population of cases brought to trial. This change was partly due to an 1836 revision to the patent system:an examination procedure, still in use today, was instituted in which each application is scrutinized for its adherence to patent law. Previously,patents were automatically granted upon payment of a $30 fee.

【OG20-P454-593题】

It can be inferred from the passage that the frequency with which pre-1830 cases have been cited in court decisions is an indication that

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 ad**** 更新于2016-09-11 11:24:35 感谢由 ad**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

But pre-1830 cases have been cited as frequently as later decisions, and they continue to be cited today, suggesting that the early decisions, many of which clearly declared that patent rights were a just recompense for inventive ingenuity, provided a lasting foundation for patent law.

当前版本由 Na**** 更新于2016-09-26 13:08:29 感谢由 Na**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题干KW:pre-1830(推断题)

定位:定位到第二结构(3)


错误答案特征:

A. 绝对词,层次未提及

C. standards层次未提及

D. 层次定位混淆

E. 层次未提及。


正确选项特征:

结构第3层次是为了反驳(2)是不对的 If early judicial decisions were prejudiced against patentees, one might expect that subsequent courts—allegedly more supportive of patent rights—would reject the former legal precedents.

即subsequent courts—allegedly more supportive of patent rights 。即对该内容取非为正确答案。

B.是原文的内容的取非。



题目讨论 9条评论)

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    猪小佳

    less judical≠ supportjudical bias
    0 0 回复 2021-05-18 11:15:31
  • 用户头像

    ;svkdnvl

    as frequent as =no increase都是没有变化的意思
    0 0 回复 2019-11-27 13:48:01
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    小火火火箭

    想问一下C为什么不对
    2 0 回复 2019-09-08 09:51:09
    • 评论用户头像

      632530aeusq回复小火火火箭

      没有return to是一直这样

      0 0 回复 2021-10-15 22:57:46

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    一刷就到720

    1830年之前的判决也可以被引用,说明并不存在什么偏见,法官的态度一直一样,没增没减所以选B
    2 0 回复 2019-06-10 13:20:07
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    huang642

    我也想知道e为什么不对。。。
    原文:If early judicial decisions were prejudiced against patentees, one might expect that subsequent courts—allegedly more supportive of patent rights—would reject the former legal precedents
    
    prejudice不就是bias嘛
    1 0 回复 2019-05-10 02:40:12
    • 评论用户头像

      huang642回复huang642

      我懂了。。。虚拟语气

      0 0 回复 2019-05-10 05:10:03

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    蓝莓提子

    比例和数量
    1 0 回复 2019-01-22 10:08:08
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    anthony2333

    问1830年之前的判例被引用的频率能够表明什么,定位原文:But pre-1830 cases have been cited as frequently as later decisions,and they continue to be cited today, suggesting that the early decisions, many of which clearly declared that patent rights were a just recompense for inventive ingenuity, provided a lasting foundation for patent law. 表明1830年之前的判决为专利法提供了稳定可靠的根基,是不存在学者们所谓的“偏见”的。法官的态度并没有改变。

    A.    judicial support for patent rights was strongest in the period before 1830.

    Support没变化

    B.     judicial support for patent rights did not increase after 1830

    正确

    C.    courts have returned to judicial standards that prevailed before 1830

    标准一直是一样的

    D.    verdicts favoring patentees in patent-infringement suits did not increase after 1830

    首先文章说的是rates ofverdicts favoring patentees变高了,而不是这些verdicts的绝对数量变多了;其次从1830年前的判决被引用的频率看不出判决数量的变化。

    E.    judicial bias against patentees persisted after 1830

    不存在bias

    选B

    4 0 回复 2018-11-29 16:41:01
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    iRenee

    D比例增长不等于数量增长
    0 0 回复 2018-04-22 16:12:39
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    肥米

    选项E为什么不对
    0 0 回复 2017-11-23 18:45:15
    • 评论用户头像

      hhwfd回复肥米

      没有bias啊,judicial support在1830年前后都是一样啊

      1 0 回复 2018-02-05 19:21:52

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