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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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In an effort to explain why business acquisitions often fail, scholars have begun to focus on the role of top executives of acquired companies. Acquired companies that retain their top executives tend to have more successful outcomes than those that do not. Furthermore, existing research suggests that retaining the highest-level top executives, such as the CEO (chief executive officer) and COO (chief operating officer), is related more positively to postacquisition success than retaining lower-ranked top executives. However, this explanation, while insightful, suffers from two limitations. First, the focus on positional rank does not recognize the variation in length of service that may exist in top executive posts across companies, nor does it address which particular top executives (with respect to length of service) should be retained to achieve a successful acquisition outcome. Second, the relationship between retained top executives and acquisition outcomes offered by existing research is subject to opposing theoretical explanations related to length of service. The resource-based view (RBV) suggests that keeping acquired company top executives with longer organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as those executives have idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company that would be valuable for the effective implementation of the acquisition. The opposing position, offered by the upper echelons perspective (UEP), suggests that retaining top executives having short organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as they would have the adaptability to manage most effectively during tiie uncertainty of the acquisition process.

Responding to these limitations, Bergh conducted a study of executive retention and acquisition outcome that focused on the organizational tenure of retained company top executives in 104 acquisitions, followed over 5 years. Bergh considered the acquisition successful if the acquired company was retained and unsuccessful if it was divested. Bergh's findings support the RBV position. Apparently, the benefits of long organizational tenure lead to more successful outcomes than the benefits of short organizational tenure, While longer tenured top executives may have trouble adapting to change, it appears that their perspectives and knowledge bases offer unique value after the acquisition. Although from the UEP position it seems sensible to retain less tenured executives and allow more tenured ones to leave, such a strategy appears to lower the probability of acquisition success.

【OG20-P413-489题】

According to the passage, prior to Bergh's study, research on the role of top executives of acquired companies in business acquisition success was limited in which of the following ways?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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该题目由网友GiHW提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 Na**** 更新于2016-09-20 16:12:50 感谢由 Na**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题干KW:prior to Bergh, acquisition success was limited (细节题)

定位:第二结构第1层次


错误答案特征:

B. than others 无关比较

C. strategies层未提及

D. lower-ranked top executive 层次定位混淆

E. lower-ranked top executive 层次定位混淆


正确选项特征:

A.是原文的同义转换

(1)First, the focus on positional rank does not recognize the variation in length of service that may exist in top executive posts across companies, nor does it address which particular top executives (with respect to length of service) should be retained to achieve a successful acquisition outcome. 



题目讨论 8条评论)

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    Mariposa爱学习

    哈哈哈 原来这篇文章在研究的是被收购公司在被收购之后能否继续成功的运营
    retain意思是保留,继续雇佣。高管的级别和在该公司工作的年限会影响这件事情
    这道题定位到“existing research suggests that retaining the highest-level top executives, such as the CEO (chief executive officer) and COO (chief operating officer), is related more positively to postacquisition success than retaining lower-ranked top executives.” 
    意思是保留最高级别的高管能比保留较低级别高管更好的运营一个公司被收购之后的事宜
    讨论的是级别高低,不要去选提到工作tenure的选项
    0 0 回复 2020-11-15 12:34:13
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    你这只猪

    bergh conducted the study focusing on organizational tenure 总感觉他的研究会给出具体的工作年限,但是到最后还是没看到,导致对第二段理解有些偏差。
    0 0 回复 2020-06-29 17:20:23
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      你这只猪回复你这只猪

      按照第二段的首句结构句focus on organization tenure其实可以判断出选项的

      0 0 回复 2020-06-29 17:22:17

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    September96

    First, the focus on positional rank does not recognize the variation in length of service that may exist in top executive posts across companies, nor does it address which particular top executives (with respect to length of service) should be retained to achieve a successful acquisition outcome. 
    时间与职责两方发出灵魂拷问,对应A的how
    0 0 回复 2020-01-31 21:10:51
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      你这只猪回复September96

      如果A选项是how long 我估计很快能判断出来,苦笑

      0 0 回复 2020-06-29 17:17:05

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    847716opn

    同意替换没看出来
    0 0 回复 2019-10-05 19:18:59
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    Vovoloo

    没有懂,哪位大神来解释一下?
    0 0 回复 2019-08-19 17:45:34
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    ziyuanguo

    定位是第一个局限性 没有考虑任期长度对收购的成功率的影响
    错选C C是furthermore中已经consider了
    0 0 回复 2019-03-11 14:48:08
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    嘟嘟快跑

    所以到底定位哪里?
    0 0 回复 2018-08-17 20:12:55
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    ( ¨̮ )

    Furthermore, existing research suggests that retaining the highest-level top executives, such as the CEO(chief executive officer) and COO (chief operating officer), is related more positively to postacquisition success than retaining lower-ranked top executives.提炼:顶级的CEO比lower-ranked的CEO使得success更加positively。
    0 0 回复 2018-08-07 17:19:44
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