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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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In an effort to explain why business acquisitions often fail, scholars have begun to focus on the role of top executives of acquired companies. Acquired companies that retain their top executives tend to have more successful outcomes than those that do not. Furthermore, existing research suggests that retaining the highest-level top executives, such as the CEO (chief executive officer) and COO (chief operating officer), is related more positively to postacquisition success than retaining lower-ranked top executives. However, this explanation, while insightful, suffers from two limitations. First, the focus on positional rank does not recognize the variation in length of service that may exist in top executive posts across companies, nor does it address which particular top executives (with respect to length of service) should be retained to achieve a successful acquisition outcome. Second, the relationship between retained top executives and acquisition outcomes offered by existing research is subject to opposing theoretical explanations related to length of service. The resource-based view (R8 V) suggests that keeping acquired company top executives with longer organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as those executives have idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company that would be valuable for tfie effective implementation of the acquisition. The opposing position, offered by the upper echelons perspective (UEP), suggests that retaining top executives having short organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as they would have the adaptability to manage most effectively during tiie uncertainty of the acquisition process.

Responding to these limitations, Bergh conducted a study of executive retention and acquisition outcome that focused on the organizational tenure of retained company top executives in 104 acquisitions, followed over 5 years. Bergh considered the acquisition successful if the acquired company was retained and unsuccessful if it was divested. Bergh's findings support the RBV position. Apparently, the benefits of long organizational tenure lead to more successful outcomes than the benefits of short organizational tenure, While longer tenured top executives may have trouble adapting to change, it appears that their perspectives and knowledge bases offer unique value after the acquisition. Although from the UEP position it seems sensible to retain less tenured executives and allow more tenured ones to leave, such a strategy appears to lower the probability of acquisition success.

【OG20-P413-488题】

The passage suggests that Bergh and a proponent of the upper echelons perspective would be most likely to disagree over which of the following?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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该题目由网友gXdVn2提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 Na**** 更新于2016-09-20 16:05:24 感谢由 Na**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题干KW:Bergh and a proponent of the upper echelons perspectives disagree(推断题)

定位:第三结构第1层次


错误答案特征:

A. positive correlation 层次未提及

B. positive correlation 层次未提及

C. adaptability  层次未提及

E. lower-ranked top executive层次定位混淆


正确选项特征:

D.是原文的同义转换

(1) Bergh considered the acquisition successful if the acquired company was retained and unsuccessful if it was divested. Bergh’s findings support the RBV position. Apparently, the benefits of long organizational tenure lead to more successful outcomes than the benefits of short organizational tenure.



题目讨论 10条评论)

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    jianfengai

    没理解题目,以为问的两方都不同同意哪个观点= =
    1 0 回复 2020-08-27 17:52:21
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      小小苹果回复jianfengai

      我也是。。。 cry...

      0 0 回复 2020-12-30 12:59:02

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    你这只猪

    看到解析之后是这样理解的: 感觉A选项是对EUP的改写: A: short organizational tenure and managerial adaptability  和EUP: top executives having short organizational tenure, 只是两者之间缺少top executive,所以不知道有没有positive relationship 。
    1 0 回复 2020-06-29 16:53:28
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      你这只猪回复你这只猪

      看到B 选项之后有感觉是缺少during the uncertainty of the acquisition of success.蒙的很 解析也不是很清楚,有点无厘头

      0 0 回复 2020-06-29 16:59:09

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    emily666

    disagree别落了~
    1 0 回复 2020-03-16 15:36:52
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    shaoshao922

    disagree over something:在某事上有分歧
    1 0 回复 2019-01-24 17:52:32
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    杀鸡要用宰牛刀

    必须要一个同意,一个反对
    0 0 回复 2018-12-03 19:28:52
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    略略略略略略略

    问B和UEP在哪最可能有意见分歧
    A UEP支持,B没反对
    B RBV支持,B支持,UEP没反对
    C UEP支持,B没反对
    D UEP支持,RBV反对,B反对(100%的disagree)
    E 是第一段的research,UEP和B都没提
    1 0 回复 2018-11-11 21:59:31
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    千千

    其实题目问的真正意思是B和UEP在哪一点上有分歧
    也就是RBV和UEP在哪一点上有分歧
    虽然我觉得C是有道理的(文中又说RBV认为尽管高管adapt不行,但是还是可以成功,说明adapt不重要,而UEP强调高管不adapt 不change所以UEP认为adapt很重要是关键因素,不过这一点文章并没有直接有力的给出)
    但不可否认D是最直观的 
    这二者就是RBV认为保留高管都收购后的成功有利
    UEP认为不是这样 
    这点很简单只要文章读懂了都知道这两派在讨论这个问题
    就是对题目理解错了
    0 0 回复 2017-12-11 22:12:00
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      秋沐回复千千

      我觉得主要是后面的for an executive who is managing an acquisition process有问题,原文讨论的是被收购公司的executive,这个选项说的是管理收购过程的executive,应该不太一样

      0 0 回复 2019-12-11 18:11:06

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    700快到我兜里

    UEP的观点:The opposing position, offered by the upper echelons perspective (UEP), suggests that retaining top executives having short organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as they would have the adaptability to manage most effectively during the uncertainty of the acquisition process.
    Bergh支持RBV观点
    两者的disagree即是RBV和UEP的disagree
    文中对UEP提到只有第一段和第二段的最后:
    Although from the UEP position it seems sensible to retain less tenured executives and allow more tenured ones to leave, such a strategy appears to lower the probability of acquisition success.
    UEP支持的就是:less tenured executives可以有成功,理由是adapt well to manage uncertainty
    而Bergh和RBV是说long tenure更好
    0 0 回复 2017-12-04 22:39:58
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    EricaWu

    题干打错了吧??应该是Opponent of upper echelons perspective 吧??UEP和Bergh完全持有相反的观点呀,求解~~~~~~
    0 0 回复 2017-12-02 11:19:33
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    杀G杀T速战速决

    这题还是不懂啊,那个disagree到底是在disagree什么呢?一般disagree后面不是跟一个statement吗?为什么后面跟的是whether呢?
    0 0 回复 2017-11-25 23:13:16
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      碉堡回复杀G杀T速战速决

      题目问的意思是B和UEP在哪一点上有分歧,我开始就理解成了B和UEP俩人都不同意哪个选项。。。

      1 0 回复 2019-06-26 21:16:06

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