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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
阅读RC-14295 (第3/6题) Time Cost00:00
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It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenthcentury political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

【OG20-P443-561题】

The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish’s decision to become an author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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该题目由网友eorXxgu提供。更多GMAT题目请
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当前版本由 sptunik 更新于2015-10-21 15:17:07 感谢由 sptunik 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
定位:Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. 

C成为一个作家,是因为她觉得被排除在真实世界之外,她想成为自己世界里的主人,而成为作家是任何人都可以创造的虚拟世界。符合E选项
A justify her support for the Royalist cause
无涉及C对Royalist 的支持
B encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmerian patriarchalism
Filmerian 第一段内容,跟第二段的内容中C的观点没有直接的关系
C persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation
无涉及other women.
D analyze the causes for women’s exclusion from the pursuit of power
C只陈述了女性被排除在权利之外,没有解释原因
E create a world over which she could exercise total control

题目讨论 4条评论)

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    1485405wibx

    个人理解:
    C项不是最直接的desire
    后面的persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation是她的successor提出的
    0 0 回复 2021-05-15 17:43:08
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    October

    and在GMAT中除了表示“并列”,还表示“递进”、“因果”关系
    0 0 回复 2020-09-05 07:53:50
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    浪逐曲奇

    A是CG的动机,某种程度上。
    0 0 回复 2019-08-24 19:17:02
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    SleepyJack

    有人能解释一些c选项吗?谢谢
    0 0 回复 2019-07-20 21:50:40
    • 评论用户头像

      浪逐曲奇回复SleepyJack

      动词错了

      0 0 回复 2019-08-24 19:17:25

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