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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenthcentury political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

【OG20-P442-559题】

The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer (highlight) primarily in order to

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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 嘻嘻嘻521 更新于2018-12-02 23:31:56 感谢由 嘻嘻嘻521 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

这篇文章理解起来难度较大,我们来梳理一下文章结构和逻辑的转换:
It isan oddbut indisputable factthat the seventeenth-centuryEnglish women who are generallyregarded as amongthe forerunners of modernfeminism are almost all identified with the Royalistside in the conflict between Royalist andParliamentarians known as the English CivilWars.
现象:被普遍认为是现代女权主义先驱的17世纪英国女性,在英国内战保皇派和议会派的争斗中,被划到了保皇派的阵营中。
要注意作者这里对这个现象的定性:odd butindisputable虽然奇怪但是不可辩驳的,意思就是这的确是一个事实,这些女性的确是保皇派。但odd的存在表明这是一个矛盾,文章开头出现矛盾,后面基本都会解释。

Since Royalist ideologyis often associated with the radical patriarchalism ofseventeenth-century political theoristRobertFilmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom andasserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, byanalogy, of the male headof the household—historians have beenunderstandably puzzled by the fact thatRoyalist women wrote the earliest extended criticism of theabsolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliestsystematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality withmen.
进一步强化矛盾:保皇派的想法通常都和父权主义相关,但这些保皇派的女性却是第一批公开批评女性在婚姻中从属地位和系统性地主张男女平等的人。

Some historians havequestioned the facile equation of Royalistideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may havebeen no consistent differences between Royalist andParliamentarianson issues of family organization and women’spolitical rights, but inthat case one would expect earlyfeminists to be equally divided between the twosides.
作者对一种解释的评判:一些历史学家认为把保皇派理念和父权主义等同起来太轻率了,保皇派和议会派对家庭结构和女性政治权利的观念可能并不存在一贯的分歧。注意indeed是让步,更重要的是but后的内容,作者对这种解释的态度是否定的,因为如果的确是这样的话,这些女性也应该平均分布于两个阵营,但一开头讲过了,这些女性就是保皇派的,这是一个indisputablefact,所以这个解释并不成立。

CatherineGallagher arguesthat Royalism engendered feminismbecause the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition toan ideology of the absolute self.
CG对这个看似矛盾现象的解释:之所以女权主义产生于保皇派是因为君主专制思想提供了向绝对自我思想的过渡。
engender这个词在这句话中非常关键,不认识或理解错误会使得对整篇文章的理解产生偏差。

She citesthe example of the notoriously eccentricauthor Margaret Cavendish (1626-1673), duchess of Newcastle.举例论证,这一部分初读时可以快速浏览。Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as anywoman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded fromthe pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistressof her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can createwithin her own mind—and, as a writer, on **. In proclaiming whatshe called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was aself-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of herown subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominantmale planet. Injustifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invokedthe model of the absolute monarch,a figure that became a metaphorfor the self-enclose, autonomous nature of the individualperson. 君主专制和女权主义相关的具体表现 Cavendish’s successorsamong early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereignself, but they also sought to break free isolation that herabsolute singularity entailed.
CG论点的例证
整篇文章主要介绍了CG对一个看似矛盾但实际存在的现象的解释。第一段是陈述现象,进行铺垫,第二段是解释本身。
------来自chasedream


题目讨论 10条评论)

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    ydissacyr

    平时qualify的意思是,取得资格(或学历);合格;使合格;使具备资格;有权,使有权(做某事);
    但在鸡麦特中用来表示负态度,to limit or restrict (限制),qualify一个观点/方法是否合格。
    0 0 回复 2021-05-31 16:21:53
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    237702pdmv

    句子作用题,要分析句子之间的关系。看插入的解释,R的观念和女权相反
    0 0 回复 2021-03-28 23:55:53
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    237777mgfq

    额 对于B不是很懂。本来我也以为是没有涉及basis错的。但OG的解释是 it supports the claim that patriarchalism was the basis of Royalist ideology; it does not qualify such a claim.就是说是关于basis的 但是不是qualify。怎么去理解qualify呢?
    1 0 回复 2020-08-01 19:05:50
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    李小宝

    作者开篇提到Indisputable fact,所以这个事实是客观存在,真实性没问题,排除C选项
    0 0 回复 2020-07-01 17:56:00
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    郁小姐要上700吖

    句子作用题,不是承接上文就是开启下文,定位在后面的这句话上,Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men,由文章的前半段话可以看出,p只是对于前文的解释,而没有具体的作用,因而此句话的作用是开启下文的情况,后文的句意历史家会觉得很迷惑,为什么被identified with R,因而选择D,明明是不同的立场,但却发表了和自己本身立场不同的言论,解释这部分的tension。
    0 0 回复 2020-04-09 12:40:38
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    Vincent Hu

    我做题的时候纠结于CDE三个选项里
    后来到处查答案解析得出了自己觉得比较靠谱的答案:
    
    正确答案D中的tension也可以表“矛盾”,D完美诠释了两者之间的关系,正确
    
    C “质疑观点”不是作者的态度,作者一上来就说indisputable view,怎么可能在下文质疑呢
    
    E 这个句子说的是 保皇党成员之间有矛盾观点,不是说保皇党和早期女性有矛盾观点
    1 0 回复 2020-02-07 21:56:41
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    浪逐曲奇

    看了中文翻译后我才懂第二段主要是在讲什么。。。。以及文章的行文结构。
    0 0 回复 2019-08-24 19:08:27
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    dfg090

    我是靠puzzle猜的
    0 0 回复 2019-08-02 10:27:58
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    大树

    royalist不是支持女权运动吗?怎么是tension?
    0 0 回复 2018-10-20 09:54:37
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    Chongdi

    好难啊,各位是怎么读文章的。
    0 0 回复 2018-09-07 17:07:08
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