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GMAT语法考点之主谓一致 | 知识点讲解+真题解析

2019-01-24 10:03:13 | 分享按钮

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摘要:在GMAT语法考点中,一定要注意的一个问题就是主谓一致,这也属于GMAT常考考点之一。主谓一致考点的常见考察形式是将句子主谓隔开,给考试造成迷惑和困扰。有的时候划线部分划在谓语,需要去找题干中未划线的真正的主语;有的时候划线部分在主语,需要去找题干中未划线的真正的谓语。

在英文表达中,主谓的搭配是永远的核心,无论修饰的成分有多长多复杂,记得一定要找出真正的中心词。GMAT语法考点中,一定要注意的一个问题就是主谓一致,这也属于GMAT常考考点之一。主谓一致考点的常见考察形式是将句子主谓隔开,给考试造成迷惑和困扰。有的时候划线部分划在谓语,需要去找题干中未划线的真正的主语;有的时候划线部分在主语,需要去找题干中未划线的真正的谓语。

 

  下面我们就一起来看下GMAT考试的真实例题。

 

  1.一道题考查了二组主谓一致的判断

 

  The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planetsMercury,Venus,and Marsspins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the solar system.

 

  (Aspins were determined from

 

  (Bspins were determined because of

 

  (Cspins was determined through

 

  (Dspin was determined by

 

  (Espin was determined as a result of

 

  解析:

 

  这道题考查了二组主谓一致,一组的主语是the Earth and the other solid planets,谓语是spin;另一组的主语是direction,谓语是was。所以同时符合要求的选项只有DE。再在DE里选择,非常容易可以排除ED

 

  2.将句中主语和谓语隔地非常远,中间加入修饰

 

  Recent essays by Garrison Keillor,the humorist and host of the public radio show A Prairie Home Companion,describes what might happen if Huns,Goths,and Visigoths were to invade Chicago.

 

  (A)describes what might happen if Huns,Goths,and Visigoths were to invade

 

  (B)describes what would happen if Huns,Goths,and Visigoths invaded

 

  (C)describes what would happen if Huns,Goths,and Visigoths would have invaded

 

  (D)describe what might happen if Huns,Goths,and Visigoths were to invade

 

  (E)describe what happen if Huns,Goths,and Visigoths invade

 

  解析:

 

  首先,分析句子结构是:S,插入语,VO,可以发现主语是essays,并且和谓语describe相隔较远,但根据主语essays是复数,所以排除ABC,在DE里选择。

 

  The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

 

  (Ainclude the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and is

 

  (Binclude the animal known as the killer whale,growing as big as 30 feet long and

 

  (Cinclude the animal known as the killer whale,growing up to 30 feet long and being

 

  (Dincludes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is

 

  (Eincludes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

 

  解析:

 

  根据题干分析,主语是32 species,接下来是一长串的定语从句,跳过定从修饰,才是句子真正的谓语include,根据主语32 species是复数,所以排除DE,在ABC中选择。

 

  3.of”结构常出现在主谓一致考点中,迷惑考生找不到真正的中心词

 

  The lack of complete historical records from the mid-to-late 1800s have made some Black inventions difficult to trace to their originators

 

  (Ahave made some Black inventions difficult to trace to their originators

 

  (Bhave made for difficulties in tracing some inventions by Blacks to their originators

 

  (Chave made it difficult to trace some inventions by Blacks to their originators

 

  (Dhas made it difficult to trace some inventions to their Black originators

 

  (Ehas made it difficult in tracing some Black inventions to their originators

 

  解析:

 

  本题较为简单,考主谓一致与make的用法。用上题思路,依据题干简化句子,发现主语是the lack,那么谓语部分一定要用单数,不能用have。因而ABC均错。

 

  The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand(i.e.,claw,paw,or foot)has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

 

  (Aexhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand(i.e.,claw,paw,or foot)has been expanded to include

 

  (Bexhibits the preference to use either the right or the left hand(i.e.,claw,paw,or foot)has been expanded and includes

 

  (Cexhibit a preference in either using the right or the left hand(i.e.,claw,paw,or foot)has been expanded to include

 

  (Dexhibit a preference for using either the right or the left hand(i.e.,claw,paw,or foot)has been expanded to include

 

  (Eexhibit the preference as to either using the right or the left hand(i.e.,claw,paw,or foot)has been expanded and includes

 

  解析:

 

题目中出现了非常明显的A of B”这种结构,但值得注意的是划线部分是定语从句,那么一定要修饰先行词。所以找到中心词是animalsanimals是复数,谓语部分一定要用exhibit,所以排除AB,在CDE里选择。

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